fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Leyashi Industrial Ltd" (may be fake)
Date: Mon, 26 Dec 2016 02:29:37 -0600
Subject: Re: Re: bill of landing
We are Leyashi Industrial Ltd.
My name is Michael Lee, the new export manager.
We apologize for not contacting you for some time regarding you
pending order, it was due to virus attack on our computer, only your
email address was attached to the order record, please bear with us.
Our record shows that you have made 70% payment in advance in two
batches and to completer your payment of 30% balance of $68,925 before
Kindly furnish us once again with your shipping details for us to
dispatch the goods via DHL or UPS 100% free shipping after receiving
Leyashi Industrial Limited
International sales manager.
Address:No.570,1016,Cheng Nan Ju Wei Hui Wei Sheng Si Xiang,Shuyang
County,Suqian City,Jiangsu Province