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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Justus Dudu <>
Date: Mon, 26 Dec 2016 23:29:55 +0300
Subject: Hello

Hello Dear
This is Mr.Justus DUDU The Investment Adviser/aid to the late Ghana
president (Mr.John Evans Atta Mills) who died on
24/07/2012.I want to make deal with you with a huge sum of money which I
supposed to transfer overseas for the president
for investment before his death on 24/07/2012, I need to partner with
you for profitable Investment.The fund is presently
in a secret save with a finance and security company in Accra the
political capital of Ghana republic. 19204106.

Reply back if interested.
Thank you.
Mr.Justus DUDU

Anti-fraud resources: