fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a next of kin scam.
Fraud email example:
From: "Ogugua Chioke" <email@example.com>
Date: Mon, 26 Dec 2016 22:40:22 +0100
Subject: REPLY ASAP.....cc
It is understandable if you are apprehensive reading from me today since there was no previous communication between us.However, I implore your attention on the herewith contained subject matter which benefits our interest. I came across your contact via scrupulous search conducted by an IT specialist whom I have employed for the purpose of same.
I am Ogugua Chioke (Mr) and I promote this communication in my capacity as the principal attorney of my law firm. A deceased client Neil died in 2011, left a sum a little above US$ 26 million in his account here in Unity Bank Plc. Normally banking procedure requires the bank to declare the account forfeitable and to transfer the proceeds to the Registry of Unclaimed Property for government use after 8 years from the time of death of the diseased.
The present situation underscores my contacting you given that you and my deceased client share the same name and nationality. I am disposed to present you as the beneficiary and administrator of the account. It may also interest you to know that the transaction will be executed within the parameter of the law; nothing will be done outside of it.If you are not familiar with estate and probate measures, I shall promote further information to you concerning these in the future. Whereas, I am proposing a mutual sharing of the estate and a charity donation in part, we will discuss the ratios succinctly and promote them in written signed agreement before commencement.
The decision concerning charity organizations to make donation can be discussed in good faith when we meet. I wish to submit that I would expect nothing less but honesty and transparency. I will uncover to you further information on the matter in our following communications. If this matter interests you, kindly revert accordingly with your direct phone number for further exhaustive dialogue.
Thank you for your time as I am looking forward for yours and business relationship.
Ogugua Chioke & Co. (Brr)