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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Dr. Marcus Adedayo" <>
Date: Wed, 28 Dec 2016 16:06:13 -0800


Please forgive me if i disturb you with my message,My Name is Dr.
Marcus Adedayo(CEO) Tuda Oil ltd France,Owner:Marco Investment Group
and a share holder Dangote Group of Company and also one of the Board of Directors United Bank For Africa(UBA).

I have the capacity to fund any legal and private Lucrative Business,
i wish to know if we can go into business venture that would be of a
huge Benefit to both parties involved.

I am an investor and I am willing to invest in your firm/business and
share ideas with you and also give you my business idea as soon as i hear from you and let me know your area of business and where you need funding.

My Regard.

Dr. Marcus Adedayo
Owner:Marco Investment Group
Belleville, Illinois
United States

Anti-fraud resources: