fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "hundred thousand united states dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- ",500,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a next of kin scam.
Fraud email example:
From: "James Rodgers"<email@example.com>
Date: Thu, 29 Dec 2016 04:57:40 +0100
Subject: I need your Co-operation on this Mutual Benefit urgently!!!
Good day Dear,
My name is James Rodgers., i am working with one of the bank here in Nigeria,We have an opportunity of making it in life if you can co operate with me to do this business.
One of our accounts with holding balance of US$12,500,000 (Twelve Million Five Hundred Thousand United States Dollars) has been dormant and last Operated in the past eight (8) years. From investigations and confirmations, the owner of this account is a German Foreigner by name Adolf Merckle aged 74 years old,who committed suicide on January 5th 2009 after his business empire ran into trouble in the global economic financial crisis. Please refer to the news website below to read more about our late client.
l will appreciate if we can co operate and put up an application for the money to transferred into your account as the next of kin and l will be willing to share with you on any ratio of your choice.
l will produce all documentations that will be required to cover up this deal without any risk as an insider of this bank, we will perfect all necessary arrangements to cover all loopholes and l assure you that within 10 working days, the money will be in your account because the bank have made so much interest with this money and are looking forward for any of the man's relations to come up for the claim.
Since then nobody has done anything as regards to the claiming of this money as he has no family member here in Nigeria that is aware of the existence of either the account or the fund. Several attempt to trace any of his relative proof abortive and also Information from the National Immigration office states that late Adolf Merckle was alone on point of entry into Nigeria.
Please l will be grateful to answer any question from you where you do not understand.
From James Rodgers.
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