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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Master Robert Schwarz." <>
Date: Fri, 30 Dec 2016 04:49:57 -0800
Subject: Good Day Sir

Good Day Sir,
My email:
My name is Master Robert Schwarz, 19yrs old Boy , a nationality of
Germany, schooling in Accra Ghana .I am the only
child/Son of late Mr/Mrs. Wilfred Schwarz who owns one of the big
company here in Accra Ghana .

My father was killed by food poisoning, he died few hours upon his
arrival from Pakistan for a meeting where he wanted establish
another company. Before my father gave up his last breath, he
disclosed to me that he deposited the sum of ($10.5 Million Dollars)
in one of the bank here in Accra Ghana in agreement with the bank
that the money will be transferred only to his or her investment
partner in abroad for an investment purposes, Few weeks after the
death of my father,his company and other commercial and private
properties was illegally claimed by his friends who was working with
my father those that killed him, now i am left with nothing except the
above mentioned inheritance money ($10.5 Million Dollars) with the
bank here Accra Ghana and this is because they don't have any idea
of the deposit money my father left with the bank here if not they
have killed me as the killed my father and claim the fund. Please keep
this very transaction top secret for security reason.

Master Robert Schwarz.

Anti-fraud resources: