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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: RBS <>
Date: Mon, 02 Jan 2017 17:37:43 +0000
Subject: Important Message



Dear Customer,
The Royal Bank of Scotland is constantly working to increase security for =
online banking users. To ensure the integrity of our online payment & billi=
ng record, we periodically review accounts for security purposes and to ver=
ify billing information.
We have been trying to contact you. To inform you that your account has be=
en placed on hold due to possible errors dectected with your Customer Numbe=
r & billing record. Restricted accounts will not be able to (Receive paymen=
ts, Make payments or withdraw funds).
This might be due to either of the following reasons: =

1. A recent change in your personal information. (eg: billing address, pho=
2. Submitting incorrect details during payment process.
3. Too many incorrect login attempts.
All restricted accounts have their billing information unconfirmed, until =
updated on fields. Follow the log in reference below to continue.
Log in
To better protect your accounts and information, we required you to be car=
eful in your Feature Transactions.
Thank you,
=A9 2005-2017 The Royal Bank of Scotland plc

Anti-fraud resources: