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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Hon Edward A. Addo" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Mon, 2 Jan 2017 17:43:13 +0100
Subject: Greeting" From Edward Please Reply Back


I am a politician representing my constituency at just concluded election in Ghana and also a member of Ghana's executive committee on contract awards. My Name is Hon Edward A. Addo. The reason of relating to you is to aid me in securing some money oversea for protected custody which I deliberately reserved for funding of my parliamentary elections campaign under the party leadership of the National Democratic Congress (NDC) this years December 7th 2016, regrettably for me I lost the parliamentary seat to the opposition party The New Patriotic Party (NPP).

As an executive member on contract award committee, I was able to dump some kickback money emanated from award of contracts awarded to Japanese and German companies in a security vault with a commercial bank in Ghana pending when I will found a reliable individual to budge out the fund from Ghana to offshore bank account for a company venture.

Contacting you arose from the fact that the present-elect government vowed to crack down on our administrative functionaries of (NDC) and will trace all the resources that was made through contract awards and other mouth watering deals during our tenure in the office from the year 2008 to 2016, if they succeed in tracing this fund to me, they will confiscate it and thereby devastating my life time opportunities.

It become paramount for me to move this fund in a foreigner's name to keep away from any trace. What I require from you is a promise that you can hold the total sum involved (US$19.5M) Nineteen Million, Five Hundred Thousand United State Dollars contentedly and that I can also have confidence you.

I want you to instantly inform me of your readiness in supporting and co-operating with me in receiving the above sum in your account, That will enable me send you complete details of this business deal.

Hon Edward A. Addo

Anti-fraud resources: