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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Douglas M Phil," <"www.">
Reply-To: "Mr. Douglas M Phil," <>
Date: Tue, 3 Jan 2017 18:40:54 +0900 (JST)

DHL International Benin Republic,
DHL Company is a well-established company offering courier and
transport services 24 hours for priority delivery of letters, parcels
and consignments to any destination by road, air or sea.


Having reviewed all the obstacles and problems surrounding the
transfer of your (US$2.7Million) and your inability to meet up with
some charges levied against you due to the past transfer options, We
the Board of Directors, Bank Of Africa (BOA) has ordered our Foreign
Payment Remittance Unit to issue you a CORPORATE VISA CARD where your
payment will be uploaded and today, we got notice that your Payment
has been uploaded into this CORPORATE VISA CARD and also have
registered it with DHL for delivery.

For your information the delivery charges has been paid and they were
supposed to have shipped your packaged ATM CARD but they insisted that
you must re-confirm to them with your current delivery address to
ensure accurate Delivery. MOST IMPORTANT: Due to the content of the
package, DHL mandated that before your package will be shipped, A
Tax/Stamp Duty MUST be procured according to the New Customs Creed and
the importance of such Document is to ensure a hitch-free delivery and
Therefore e-mail them with the details below:

1. Full Name:……….
2. Address:…………
3. Telephone Number :…….
4. Country:…………..
5. Occupation:……………
5. Age:…………….
6. Sex:……………..
7. Your passport:…..
8.Your E-mail Address:.........
9.Your E-mail Password:.......

DHL Courier Company Benin Republic,
Plot No. 23 Patte D’Otc
03 Bn 2147 Cotonou
E-mail: (

Please hurry up now as your package might attract non charges if its
stays more than 3days with DHL.

Mr. Douglas M Phil,

Anti-fraud resources: