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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Jacques Hans" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Tue, 3 Jan 2017 14:00:01 +0100
Subject: Re: Re; Your Payment Notice. V

Good Day My Dear,

Complement of the season!!!

I write to inform you that my client who may be your friend or a close relative has WILLED properties worth $2.8Million to you here in Republic of Benin and have ask me to legalise the change of ownership to your name before her death. As her lawyer, I have been expecting you to make contact to me since she didn't have any relation before I decided to contact you today as I don't know if you are aware of it or not so that the security company will not confiscate it.

So write back immediately or call me +229 61 05 68 72 for more details.

Thank you and have a nice day.

Barrister Jacques Hans(Esq)
C/727, Minoten, Cotonou, Benin
Tel: +229 61 05 68 72 Fax: +229 20 30 325

Anti-fraud resources: