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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "James Manfred" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Mon, 9 Jan 2017 15:29:19 -0800
Subject: Re: Congratulations...


I have discovered this confiscated financial portfolio with the Government in your name, pending claims. The complicated status of portfolio in question is due to red flag raised based on irregular banking methods adopted by culprits to divert $22,500,000 (Twenty Two Million Five Hundred Thousand United States Dollars) for selfish intentions.

Your case file was being processed during the last financial quarter of 2016 by our foreign operations manager who has been transferred at this time so I will be taking charge once you are in line with our operations.

I have been mandated to process and release same, kindly revert to me and let me know if your email address is still valid at this time.

I am waiting on your response so I can brief further in details.

James Manfred

Anti-fraud resources: