fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Federal Reserve Bank of New York" (may be fake)
Date: Thu, 26 Jan 2017 05:25:45 +0100
Subject: Re: Atten:Beneficiary!!Cancellation and Reallocation of The $22.5m alan.
Federal Reserve Bank of New York
33 Liberty Street
New York, NY 10045
In regards to the ongoing transaction of $22.5m,we have been contacting you ,so that the needed documents can be secured and the funds $22.5m can be released to you but till this moment we have not heard from you,which indicates that you are not serious about the transaction.
In line with the development,we will have no option than to reallocate the funds to another serious representatives,in according to the remittance policy.And take note that this is the greatest opportunity you can ever come across ,which once you loose it,you will regret it for life.
So if we did not get the requested payment details from you,we will have no option than to reallocate the funds to your representatives.
Awaiting your urgent response.
Janet L. Yellen
Chairman Board of Governors,
Federal Reserve Bank