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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. anders johansson " <>
Date: Thu, 26 Jan 2017 15:43:52 +0900

Dear Sir/Relative, (Madam)
Your name, address including your email was found in deceased file in
Citibank N.A Ghana, while we confirmed Late Customer (ENGR. JACK FARRAR
POWELL) before he died made you next of kin to his account, which stated
upon demised you shall inherit account balance, since deceased have paid
all taxes related to the release of his funds to you.
The Citibank N.A Ghana has giving me five (5) working days to invite you
deceased next of kin or relative mentioned for this payment, since I was
deceased account officer, otherwise Citibank will confiscate the
US$128.5M (One Hundred and Twenty-Eight Million, Five Hundred Thousand
US Dollars) which deceased left in your favor, as abandoned funds under
instruction of Ghanaian Parliament.
Already several official letters were sent to your address through
Citibank Headquarter, since no response from you, which the Bank
instructed me to reach you privately on this same Email address which
deceased indicated to reach his relative/next of kin.
I withheld your name and Deceased details until your response to my mail
with information below, confirming you are same Relative/Business
Partner, whose name and contacts appeared in deceased account file to
avoid wrong payment.
1) Your Full Name and Address.
2) Your Telephone, Mobile, Office & Home Number.
3) The Copy of Your ID Card (Passport or Driver’s License) for
The Citibank has instructed Ministry of finance to release above funds
to you, upon your response confirming the same name which deceased
mentioned in your International Passport/Driver License to avoid wrong
Like I said, details will be given to you, including deceased documents
which Citibank/Parliament of Ghana shall request for your proper
identification to release above funds to you.
Kindly contact me through my alternative email (
Please kindly use “DECEASED NEXT OF KIN” as subject for your response to
this mail, so I can identify you to avoid wrong payment.
Mr. Johannes Hendricks, (Retired Banker) I am South African Citizen, and
I was Account Officer to ENGR. POWELL for 9years before he died.

Anti-fraud resources: