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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. Dietmar Grebs" <>
Date: Thu, 26 Jan 2017 09:41:30 +0100


Because of the recent “EU Financial Mop-up Exercise”, the EU Funds Release Institution in Switzerland discovered many “Financial Payment Malpractices” on “Inheritance&Contract PTC Claims” and, payment files that have since been abandoned.

Your e-mail address happens to be on one of such files and that`s the reason you`re being contacted.


It`s evident from your “Payment File” that because of having been working with corrupt officials and, sometimes, impostors; you have been paying unending “up-front”Bills and Charges on your claims for International Funds Transfer (IFT), without having your claims successfully approved and paid out to you.

We`re here to help!

But, first, this is what you must do… you MUST STOP any further communications with any officials regarding your payment claims, especially, in Africa.

Your funds will be paid out after the final verification process in Switzerland, at no cost, through the assigned financial institution in the UK.
You`re advised therefore, to revert to this office immediately upon receipt of this e-mail message, to commence the hitch-free process of claiming your Inheritance/Contract funds.

Please contact Mr. Dietmar Grebs at Email Address:( ) for further instructions.

Remember…. It`s at no cost and it`s hitch-free!

Thank you for your understanding and co-operation
Yours sincerely,
Mr. Dietmar Grebs

Anti-fraud resources: