fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "security keeping fee" (this will cost you money - be careful with upfront payments to anyone you only know through email, especially if they promise you a lot of money. NEVER send money by Western Union or MoneyGram to people you do not know personally - NO EXCEPTIONS! Instant wire transfer services are not meant to be used with strangers because they offer no protection against fraud. That is precisely why the criminals want you send money that way. )
- "million dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr.Eric M. Thorson" (may be fake)
Date: Sun, 19 Feb 2017 00:01:26 -0800
Subject: UPDATE ABOUT YOUR UN-PAID FUNDS
U.S. Department Of The Treasury
Address: 1500 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW
Washington, D.C. 20220 USA.
NOTE: If you received this message in your SPAM/JUNK folder, that is because of the restrictions implemented by your Internet Service Provider,
we urge you to treat it genuinely......
I have registered your ATM CARD of ($2.5MILLION DOLLARS) with DIAMOND EXPRESS COURIER customer service with registration code of (9665776) please Contact with your delivery information:
1. Your Full Name................
2. Your Telephone No..........
3. Your Country................
4. Your Home Address........
DIAMOND EXPRESS COURIER
Name: MR. David Reetz
Phone Number: +1-202-660-4153
We have paid for the Insurance & Delivery fee. The only fee you have to pay is their Security Keeping fee of 250$ only. Please indicates the registration Number of (9665776) Furnish them with your Address and Phone number for your delivery.
Mr.Eric M. Thorson
U.S. Department Of The Treasury