fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr.Hoa Khinh Phuong"<email@example.com>
Date: Mon, 20 Feb 2017 00:49:39 +0700
Subject: Re:Dear From Mr Khinh,
I am Mr.Phuong Hoa Khinh, I am sorry for this interruption. I have no other way to reach you than these ways, please accept my apology.I am an account manager to one of our foreign late customer. It is my interest to contact you in respect of this our client who opened a draft account in my bank. It is with good spirit of heart I opened up this great opportunity to you. This deceased client of mine shares almost the same name as yours; He died as a result of heart-related condition on 14 of November 2011.His heart condition was due to the death of all the members of his family in the fukushima earthquake and tsunami disaster on the March 11, 2011 in northeastern Japan where they all lost their lives.
After his death, I sent a routine notification to his forwarding address, but got no reply. He died without making any will. His draft account opened in my bank before his unfortunate death is $28,526,200.00 Dollars Only. I want to present you as the beneficiary of the deceased. I will use my position and influence in our bank to make sure they release this money to you for our mutual sharing. If I wait for days and did not hear from you, I shall look for another person.
Kindly get back to me for more details.
Mr.Phuong Hoa Khinh.