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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: David James Jnr <>
Date: Sat, 18 Feb 2017 00:14:40 +0100
Subject: Important Information!

Dear Sir/Madam,
How are you doing today? This letter is from Financial Service Authority (FSA). This is to inform you that our International Transfer Depertment has taken over to pay all delayed and mishandled transaction originated from Africa, America, Asia, Europe, Middle East and Arab States.This authority has approved the sum of $5.5Million to be release to you. Please kindly re-confirm your details for proper proccessing.
David James Jnr.
For: The Management.
Financial Service Authority (FSA)

Anti-fraud resources: