fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Baghdadi Ali Mahmudi" (may be fake)
Date: Mon, 20 Feb 2017 19:57:32 +0530
My name is Baghdadi Ali Mahmudi. Former Secretary of the General People's Committee of Libya in late Col. Muammar Gaddafi Government in Libya. I was one of the personal assistant to late Libya head of state Col. Muammar Gaddafi who was eliminated on 20th October 2011, by the rebel.
My good self and other Aids of Gaddafi was taking into house arrest by leadership of the new government till date. I assisted Col. Gaddafi our former President to carry out most of his secret business deals ranging from exportation of Gold, diamond, Alluvial Gold bar/dust and exportation of millions of foreign currencies to foreign banks. There is a huge some of money which I assisted my late former Boss, Col. Muammar Gaddafi to deposit in a bank in Europe less than 2 weeks before his death which nobody has any knowledge about, not even any member of his family, his relative nor his close associates apart from me.
I want to use the money for investment purposes in the Real estate sector in your country or any profitable business as you may direct which is my reason for contacting you.
Baghdadi Ali Mahmudi.