fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "dear friend" (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr. Michael Kuntjoro" (may be fake)
Date: Tue, 21 Feb 2017 10:41:24 -0800
Subject: Can I Trust You?
My Dear Friend,
This is an investment business proposal for you from Hong Kong.
There are existence of huge accounts dormant funds in some coffers,
ready to be transferred to you as next-of-kin for more information kindly respond on time.
We will discuss much in details when I do receive your response In the meantime, kindly signify your willingness to assist by sending me a message via my personal email:. If for some reasons you find no interest in this project I want you to disregard this message and forget I ever contacted you.
Thanks in advance for your early reply.
1. Your Full Name:
2. YOUR Address:
3. Your Direct Telephone number:
Your Marital Status and age:
5. Your Companies Name:
Mr. Michael Budi Kuntjoro
Deputy General Manager