fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "western union" (this will cost you money - be careful with upfront payments to anyone you only know through email, especially if they promise you a lot of money. NEVER send money by Western Union or MoneyGram to people you do not know personally - NO EXCEPTIONS! Instant wire transfer services are not meant to be used with strangers because they offer no protection against fraud. That is precisely why the criminals want you send money that way. )
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "cotonou" (a location commonly mentioned in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- Western Union money transfer is completely untraceable and therefore is *not* safe to use with anyone you do not know personally. It is the preferred method of online criminals to collect money from their victims.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "MR. WISDOM PETERS" <"www."@helen.ocn.ne.jp>
Reply-To: "MR. WISDOM PETERS" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Wed, 22 Feb 2017 12:25:11 +0900 (JST)
Subject: Your Daily Payment Of $5000 Is Ready Now
WESTERN UNION HEAD OFFICE REPUBLIC OF BENIN.
FOREGN PAYMENT DEPARTMENT OFFICE.
TEL: +229 67392402,
Western Union Special Payment Bonus Offer.
We wish to inform you that the Federal Ministry of Finance has given us a mandate order to start paying your payments that were left unpaid in our (Western Union Payment Transfer Network System) which you are among.
Now you are requested to pay only $125.00 for the renewal of your payment file to give it legal backing before you start receiving your daily payment of $5000 each until you receive your full payment of (US$5,800,000.00) which is in our Western Union paying record.
So my dear, this is another opportunity for you to comply and your payment will be transferred to you immediately.
And be informed that once you pay the $125.00, you will start receiving ($5.000.00) every day through western union money transfer.
Now send the $125.00 today through Western Union with the information below:
Receiver Name :_____ KING OZID.
City/Country:_______Cotonou - Benin Republic.
Forward the payment control number, sender name and address immediately.
Furthermore, reconfirm the following information to avoid wrong payment order:
1. Your full names:_________
2. Your contact address:_____
3. Your phone numbers:_____
4. Your age:______
5. Your nationality:_____
We are waiting your immediate response so that we can release your payment transfer immediately. I wish you good luck.
Yours in service,
MR. WISDOM PETERS,
Officer In charge of Foreign Payment Dept.
Western Union Head office.
Tel: +229 67392402.