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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Josephat Mfalila" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Thu, 23 Feb 2017 00:16:06 +0100

I saw your profile on Linkedin, My name is Mr. Josephat Mfalila. I have a business proposal for you that concerns investment. We are seeking either a fund-able project or Capable product idea from you which we can invest on. We wish to have your uninterrupted dedication and desire towards this investment scheme to be applied in our proposal. We are only interested in your international expertise and your vast business experience as a successful entrepreneur to help us invest this fund wisely in a valuable lucrative venture. I believe that you will be the right person to do this investment scheme. In my previous communication, I am opportune to be working with very wealthy investors. To be sincere, I'm privileged to manage investment strategy and portfolios of high networks politicians, Office Holders, leaders, power players in Africa but due to the sensitivity of the positions they hold in their organization and offices, they prefer to allow me to handle it for them while they keep
The unstable investment environment and economy of African countries also makes us prefer to channel/move majority of the funds into more stable economies and developing nations where they can score good revenue for their assets and also its safety. To give you a little hint, so as to understand our mandate, the investment funds involved for investment is the sum of One Hundred and Twenty Six Million United states Dollars {$126,000,000.00}. We need someone with your vast experience and capacity to receive the aforementioned fund and re-invest it in any of the Proposed projects in your country.
I await your reply to this mail while also looking forward to a very important relationship with you based on our ambition/target.
Also, kindly send your executive summary of the business plan you think that will favor us.
Yours Truly
Josephat Mfalila

Anti-fraud resources: