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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Dom Agada" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Fri, 24 Feb 2017 07:01:25 -0800
Subject: GOOD NEWS

Attn:The Owner of this E-mail id
I wish to keep you posted on the out come of our emergency meeting
with the World Bank president, Jim Yong Kim,international monetary fund (IMF),London Paris
club and (UN) I hereby inform you that your winnings/inheritance
payment file  worth $7.4m has been Signed and forwarded to union bank Benin
republic where you will be receiving your fund via online banking
transfer which you will need to do by your self from any computer in
your house or office .
Therefore you are advised to contact us back with your
information for your immediate payment transfer.
try contact immediately: (
Dom Agada

Anti-fraud resources: