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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Gen John F. Campbell" <>
Date: Sun, 26 Feb 2017 17:28:26 +0100
Subject: Can I Trust You ??? Urgent Response Needed...

Good Day To You........

I am sorry to encroach into your privacy in this manner, I found you listed in the Trade Center Chambers of Commerce directory in United State. I find it pleasurable to offer you my  partnership in business.
I only pray at this time that your address is still valid. I want to solicit your attention  to receive money on my behalf.
I am GEN John F. Campbell, an officer in the US Army. Commander, International Security  Assistance Force (ISAF) and Commander, U.S. Forces Afghanistan (USFOR-A) I went for Peace keeping force in Baghdad, Iraq, but Presently in Nigeria to fight against the Terrorist called BOKO HARAM
I am on the move to Afghanistan from Iraq as the last batch just left,and i really need your help in assisting me with the safe keeping of Two Military Trunk Boxes which has just arrived Nigeria from the Iraq. I hope you can be trusted? If you can be trusted , I will explain further when i get a response from you. Nevertheless,
reconfirm the following to me as follows.
(a) Your full Names:
(b) Your Residential address:
(c) Your Cell Phone Numbers:
(d) Your occupation:

Please ensure to reply via my private e-mail address:( God bless you and thanks for your cooperation in advance.
GEN John F. Campbell.
(United State Army)

Anti-fraud resources: