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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Office" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sun, 26 Feb 2017 15:54:40 -0800
Subject: Re

Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System
                                             20th Street and Constitution Avenue, NW
                                                      Washington, DC  20551
Our Ref: FRB-75BFNYUS09                                                            
Your Ref:- 
With Due Respect Sir !! I Janet Yellen, the Federal Reserve Chairman of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System officially inform you that we            
received a transfer instruction from the IMF -- International Monetary Fund Bond with the United Nations (UN) ordered this office to credit Ten Beneficiaries account with full Contract amount.
Note: out-of ten selected beneficiaries approved for payment in the month of FEB 2017, your name appeared in my file as the second beneficiary to receive US$15,000,000.00 via Telegraphic Wire Transfer.
The first Beneficiary in our payment record (Michael Rodriguez) has received his fund via Telegraphic Wire Transfer last month.Every arrangement of your fund transfer is concluded, consequently you will be oblige to provide your existing Banking details for immediate transfer of your fund with your FRATERNAL ORDER OF POLICE CLEARANCE CERTIFICATE as the fund owner as recommend below:
1) Full Name;
2) Full Address;
3) Your direct contact telephone number;
4) Your Age and Occupation;
5) Copy of any valid form of your Identification;
6) Your Bank name;
7) Your Bank Address;
8) Account name and Number;
9) Routing Number;
Note: upon the receipt of your Banking details as stated above, I will forward our payment instruction to you, Please Note that this office cannot afford to be held liable for any wrong transfer of funds.
Treat as Urgent as we appreciate the opportunity to serve you better.
We are looking forward to serving you better.
Janet Yellen, Federal Reserve Chairman
Best regards,
Chairman of the Board of Governors
Of the Federal Reserve System

Anti-fraud resources: