fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "very confidential" (scammers urge victims to keep the transaction secret because they don't want anyone to point out to them that it is a scam)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr. Andrew Bailey - Director,BoE." (may be fake)
Date: Sun, 26 Feb 2017 20:41:38 -0800
Subject: FUND TRANSFER FROM ENGLAND FOR OUR MUTUAL BENEFIT.
MR. ANDREW C. BAILEY
BANK OF ENGLAND (BoE)
Prudential Regulation Authority,
Threadneedle Street, London, EC2R 8AH.
Date: February 27,2017.
I am a Chief Executive in the Bank of England and based on my Findings in a Financial file, the sum of GBP 3.5million with an accrued Interest WAS Discovered and the FUND was dormant in a the client's account that WAS ascertained dead seven years ago. I will facilitate the movement of the money to a reliable Bank for my investment abroad, if you are interested in the this mutual Beneficial transaction and we will split the money 50/50.
Contact me your CORRECT mailing Address for dispatch of all legal documents, Phone numbers for oral communication and banking details where the money will be lodged.Awaiting your urgent positive reply. Please, keep this very confidential,consequent upon my present job for security reasons.
Mr. Bailey Andrew