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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Nadya Mustapha <>
Reply-To: Nadya Mustapha <>
Date: Mon, 27 Feb 2017 18:32:48 +0900 (JST)

Good day,
I am Miss. Nadya
Mustapha  the only daughter of  late Mr.Rehan Mustapha . My  parents
were very wealthy coffee and cocoa farmers here in Ivory Coast.
Unfortunately my mother died in a fatal automobile accident when i was
in tender age and since then my father did not re-marry  another women
because of the love he have for my mother,   unfortunately My father was recently killed by his business associates on one of their business
meeting during the crisis in my country, it  was doctor who confirmed
that he died of alcoholic poisoning.  Before the death of my father in a private hospital here in my country he secretly called me on his bed
side and told me that he has the sum  of three million, two hundred
thousand united state dollars ($3,200,000.00 ) left in fixed / suspense
account in one of the leading banks here in Ivory Coast, that he used my name as his only daughter for the next of Kin in depositing of the
He also explained
to me that it was because of this wealth that he was poisoned by his
business associates in collaboration with our family relatives out of
jealousy, greediness and wickedness. I'll tell you how and why I choose
you for this and many things that you need to know. and I can assure you that there is no risk, I have all the documents as the next of kin,
please reply for more details information on how to continue.
I will be waiting for your mail
Miss. Nadya Mustapha 

Anti-fraud resources: