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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Kevin Moyo" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Tue, 28 Feb 2017 16:01:15 +0100
Subject: Request for Confidential Business Relationship


How are you and your family? I have this proposal for you, however is not mandatory nor will I in any manner compel you to honor against your will, My name is Kevin Moyo from Zimbabwe leaving in Nairobi Kenya on Asylum, Please I want to know if you can guarantee me the opportunity to invest in your country under your care, I need a reliable and trustworthy partner, Please consider this and get back to me, so that I can provide you with more details regarding the amount involved and procedures of the transaction. I will be pleased to have this opportunity with you; it is my humble request that all information to be contained in every of communication herein be accorded attention as well the secrecy it deserves.

Please reply only via this my confidential ( to indicate your interest or call me on + 254-73153-1367.

I count on your attention and understanding.

Best Regards

Mr. Kevin Moyo

Anti-fraud resources: