fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "dear friend" (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- "firstname.lastname@example.org" (this email address has been used in a known scam)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Kennedy Salima" (may be fake)
Date: Thu, 16 Feb 2017 16:47:57 -0500
Subject: Business Partnership Offer
Permit me to tell you that I want to have a joint venture with you as i am interested in engaging your services as Manager of a large volume of fund to the tune of $10.5M Usd for investment in business areas. you will guide me in your country and you will be offered 20%. If this proposal is acceptable to you, please get back to me, so that we can work out remuneration for your participation in the transaction and let you know on how we hope to achieve this objective.
Please send your telephone through my private email (email@example.com) to enable me call you soonest for more information on this matter.
Former Executive Of
Blue Field Oil Corp New York.