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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Constant Mukudi" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Mon, 27 Feb 2017 11:02:34 -0800
Subject: Urgent Response Required

Dear Sir

It is a pleasure to make you acquaintance and I look forward to your
cooperation and collaboration.

I am representing an investor with the mandate to help find a dependable
international trustee to channel the investment fund of USD $ 15 million
into 5 years profitable project or Equity that will target a reasonable
return on investment (ROI) With a strong plan to compensate your assistance.
Due to his political position and situation he would not want to participate
in any part of this transaction until it's successfully completed.

This plan will also give you full authority to handle the investment. 10%
from the total investment amount has been allocated for compensation.

kindly let me know if you are interested to proceed and what area of
investment you would recommend.

Thank you as I await your swift action a d response.


Constant Mukudi.

Anti-fraud resources: