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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Senator Dan Goje" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Wed, 21 Dec 2016 18:56:51 -0800
Subject: Hi.... Can I Trust You????

Am Senator Danjuma M. Goje, the Chairman, Committee on Budget Appropriation, Nigeria National
Assembly, ( I wish to seek your urgent assistance to transfer
the sum of Twenty Four Million, Nine Hundred Thousand United State Dollars out of my country
Nigeria to your safe individual or company's account for our mutual benefits.
I will appreciate your early reply for commencement. For acknowledgment Contact me by E-mail or
phone call and whereby you are not interested; please indicate in your reply so that I can seek
for the assistance of someone else. Email me ( or call directly

Anti-fraud resources: