fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "email@example.com" (this email address has been used in a known scam)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Dave Falconer" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Wed, 01 Mar 2017 13:44:34 +0100
Subject: Urgent Business Relationship
My name is Mr.Dave Falconer. i work with one of the leading
Banks here in London, UK. I would need your consent to
present you as next of kin to our late customer who died of
heart attack in 2009. He was a wealthy business man who
deposited a huge amount in our Bank. He died without any
registered next of kin as he was long divorced and had no
I was his account officer and have in my possession all the
documents required to present you as his beneficiary/next of
kin. I am contacting you because you have same name identity
with our late client and can perfectly fit in as next of
kin, We can work together to claim this fund. Please listen,
this is real and goes on in Banks all over the world without
people knowing. Let us utilize this opportunity because it
does not come always. A lot of customers open private
accounts with different Banks without the knowledge of their
families and when they die, such money will be lost to the
Bank unless someone comes to claim it. This is how a lot of
Bank Directors make so much money silently.
However, if this business proposal offends your moral
ethics, Please do accept my sincere apology. If on the
contrary you wish to achieve this goal with me, please
kindly provide the following information so we can discuss
1. Your Full name.
2: Your private telephone
3. Occupation and Nationality.
I urgently hope to get your response as soon as
possible.please contact me through my private E-mail address
Mr. Dave Falconer.