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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr. John Nuru" <>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sun, 5 Mar 2017 13:08:00 -0800
Subject: How you been? I hope that's okay

How you been? I hope that's okay.

I am very happy to inform you about my success in getting the funds transferred with a new partner from Russia, but lives in Australia. Now I am in
Australia for investment projects with him.

However, I did not forget your past efforts and attempts to assist me in transfer of funds, in spite of this, it does not work for us. now
contact my secretary in Cotonou, Benin. Her name: Mr. Ben Fidelix on his email: ( ]and agree with her about
how to collect a certified check for $ 450, 000, which are stored with him, your compensation for all the past efforts and attempts to
assist me in this transaction.

I appreciated your efforts at that time very much. Thus enter into contact with my secretary and confirm the following information:

1. Your full name:
2. your current address:
3. Your phone number:

At the moment, I am very busy here because the projects I do.Let me know as soon as you have collected a check from her.

Kind regards,
Mr. John Nuru

Anti-fraud resources: