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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Namsoo Lee" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sun, 5 Mar 2017 22:18:59 -0700

Namsoo Lee
Vice President,Head of Energy,Structured Finance,Americas
Industrial and Commercial Bank ot China
Greater New York City Area
202 Canal Street
New York, NY 10013
United States
Greetings Dear,
                              Dear Friend Your Confidentiality is Required
My name is Namsoo Lee,Vice President,Head of Energy,Structured Finance,Americas at Industrial  and Commercial Bank Of China (USA) . I am contacting you base on my facts finding about your reputation and some one I can trust for this  purpose, it is a great pleasure to me reaching out to you.
The content of my email is a bit detailed that is why I first contact you to seek your permission before emailing my proposal to you. so you won't trash it when I do and will advise you treat this as confidential please.
Please grant me your permission to email you my proposal of which I  know will be acceptable to you. Waiting for your response.
Yours Faithfully,
Namsoo Lee.


Anti-fraud resources: