fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "cotonou" (a location commonly mentioned in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr. Jack Howard" (may be fake)
Date: Mon, 6 Mar 2017 11:12:11 +0100
Subject: Contact Him Today!!!
Hello my good friend
Good day and how are you today? Hope all is well with you and your family? I am using this opportunity to inform you that this multi- million-dollar business has been concluded with the assistance of another partner from India who financed the transaction to a logical conclusion. Due to your effort sincerity courage and trust worthiness You showed during the course of the transaction.I have left a certified international bank check for you worth of $1,200 000.00 cash-able anywhere in the world.
Contact: Mr.Garry Blue
Cotonou Benin Republic.
His email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Therefore you should send him your full Name and telephone number/your correct mailing address where you want him to send the bank check to you. Thanks and God bless you and your family.
Hoping to hear from you.
Mr. Jack Howard