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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mariam Abacha" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Wed, 8 Mar 2017 15:34:39 +0100
Subject: Mail Dated : 8/03/2017

My Dear,

I am Mariam Abacha the wife to General Sani Abacha the late former head of state of Nigeria.

Please your understanding highly needed, kindly treat as confidential. With your status,I need your assistance to transfer twenty eight thousand Dollars into your account from a foreign security company.I will explain more to you as soon as I get your understanding/reply.

Yours Faithfully,
Mariam Abacha.

Anti-fraud resources: