fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "dear friend" (a common phrase found in 419 scams)
- "cotonou" (a location commonly mentioned in 419 scams)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
Fraud email example:
From: Alfredo James <email@example.com>
Reply-To: Alfredo James <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Thu, 9 Mar 2017 17:28:14 +0900 (JST)
Subject: DHL COMPANY SERVICES BENIN REPUBLIC
DHL COMPANY SERVICES BENIN REPUBLIC
23 Patte D'Oie 03 BP 2147 Cotonou, Plot 1261, Adeola Hopewell Street C/B/REP,
CPEL/OWN/987SDHL6. Registration # RRRRRRRRFSC1133 -
TAG # DHLXX441122 - BATCH # DHLCMPLN11144, TELL: +229 9815-2949
Attention Dear Friend,
My name is Alfrendo James the Agent from DHL Delivery comping
I want to inform you that I was at los AngelesÂ International Airport,Â southwestern Los Angeles area along the Pacific Ocean between the neighborhood of Westchester with your ATM CARD of $4.5 Million with registration code of ( Shipment Code awb 33xzs, Atm Card Registered Code No xgt960.Security Code TCT:115550 0/10/;Transaction Code 233/cstc/101/33028/;
Certificate Deposit code; sctc/bun/xxiv/-78/01). please Contact with your delivery information such as, Your Name, Your Address and Your Telephone Number:
Name of Branch Manager Mr, FRANK JAMES
So, Reconfirm the following informationâs below Such as;
Your receiver,s Name.............
Your Direct phone..................
Your delivery home address..................
I have paid for the Insurance & Delivery fee.The only fee you have to pay is justÂ Security fee sum of $95 only.that is the only thing that hold me here in Los Angeles international airport