fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "dear sir/madam" (a standard Nigerian greeting phrase)
- "million united states dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr. Ernest Pinto - Avan Investments PTE Ltd." <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Thu, 9 Mar 2017 12:14:55 +0300
Subject: Re: Happy New Month - March, 2017.
Avan Investments PTE Ltd.(AI PTE LTD.) Private Placement Loan Portfolio.
I am Ernest Pinto and am writing to introduce you and your Company to our
Private Placement Portfolio.
Avan Investments PTE Ltd. is a Venture Capital Firm specializing in Growth
Capital Investments/Loans.It seeks to invest in Projects with Public and
Private sectors in a broad range of areas including Real estate, Energy,
Oil and Gas ,emerging markets and high-technology.Within the technology
sector, the firm focuses on communications,
software,digital content and services.
We wish to invest between One Million to Five hundred Million United
States Dollars in any viable projects that your company requires funding
on investment capacity/Loan Application.Upon the review of your company's
Project Business Plan we shall determine on the projects possible funding.
This will be a silent and Private Placement Investments.
Endeavor to respond promptly if the investment proposal meets your
Avan Investments PTE Ltd.(AI PTE LTD.)
Address: 10 Anson Road International Plaza
#19-04 Singapore (079903)
**** AI PTE LTD. Internet Email Notice ****
The information contained in this e-mail is confidential and is for the
use only of the intended recipient. If you are not the intended recipient,
any disclosure, copy, distribution or other use of this information is
prohibited. If you have received this communication in error please notify
us immediately by telephone and delete or discard this message.