fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
Click here to report a problem with this page.
Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr Scott Grog" (may be fake)
Date: Thu, 9 Mar 2017 12:54:30 -0800
Subject: STRICTLY CONFIDENTIAL...!!!!FINAL NOTIFICATION
This is National Crime Investigation Center USA.
In our investigations from banks on International and National Funds
Transfer (INFT) protocols in the past 10 years records from all banks
worldwide. We have come across your contact details and records with
one of these Banks. In view of the carried investigations, we have
contacted you confidentially for vital information toward your
transaction with this bank.It was clear that the bank have haave
delayed this payment thereby looking for a means to divert the fund to
However, all former bank officials who mishandled your transaction has
been duly dissolved and dismissed from bank work and your funds
deposited with The Clearing House. Upon our investigation conclusion,
we found out that your transaction was legitimate and for this reason
and all delays, a compensation amount 0f $3,150,567.00 (Three million
one hundred and fifty thousand, five hundred and sixty seven dollars)
has been awarded to you for immediate payment through The Clearing
Kindly contact the paying officer with the below details.
Name: Mr. Giacomo De Giorgi
Mr. Scott Grog