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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Eric Kaboue" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sun, 12 Mar 2017 09:07:56 -0800
Subject: Attention,Beneficiary

Dear Dear Friend

Have you received your fund? You have suffered for nothing without receiving your fund due to over greediness. You would have received your fund since last year but your problem is over greediness that cost you a lot of money and still yet, you have never received $1 into your account.Your total money US$5,700 000.00 has been lodged with UBA bank department, this is very secret information and I’m expecting your urgent response before I can give you more details and the contact information of the bank.Listen very carefully, I’m giving you this information secretly and I want you to keep it very secret. If you have received your money US$5,700 000.00, let me know but if you did not receive it till today, reply me through email urgently.

I am waiting for your response.


Mr.Eric Kaboure
Senior Supervisor
Internet Monetary Team Under
International Monetary Fund (IMf]

Anti-fraud resources: