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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Sgt David Muller" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sun, 12 Mar 2017 11:10:43 -1100


Hello,I write to you after proper consideration that a telephone conversation may not be the an ideal medium to contact you. My name is Sgt. David Muller, I am an American Soldier serving in the Military with the army’s 3rd infantry division here in Kabul AFGHANISTAN with a very desperate need of your assistance, I have summoned courage to contact you regarding an issue which i want to let you in .

I found your email address and contact in an address journal, we discovered some funds valued at US$8.2M (EIGHT MILLION TWO HUNDRED THOUSAND US DOLLARS) when on routine foot patrol in Kabul Afghanistan at a companies compound packed in two boxes . We can't keep these funds so we want to move the fund to you to keep it for us in your safe account. If you are interested get back to me with my private mail address ( ) for more details so that we can proceed. i wait to hear from you.

Sgt. David Muller

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Anti-fraud resources: