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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Alhaji Hussain Ahmad" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sun, 12 Mar 2017 12:57:35 +0100
Subject: Dear Friend

I am Alhaji Hussain Ahmad. I am a foreign businessman based in Libya.Isaw your contact on the internet on my search for a reliable person
for assistance.I have about 20 Million Dollars i wish to invest in your country.
I am willingly to leave Libya now with my family to settle and start a new life there in your country as long as it is peaceful.The new
government in Libya is really making things difficult for foreigners and there has been so much unrest here.I need you to write back lets discuss further.
my person emails is:

Your Friend
Alhaji Hussain Ahmad

Anti-fraud resources: