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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "GT GROUP" <>
Reply-To: "GT GROUP" <>
Date: Mon, 13 Mar 2017 00:28:00 -0700
Subject: Re: Re: Proforma Invoice and Packing List

Dear Supplier,

Good Day...

We received your changed bank account details on Friday.

Sorry the Proforma Invoice is not workable for us.

We can only make 30% down payment for now, after delivery we can proceed wi=
th the remaining 70% balance.

Kindly amend the proforma and check the packing lists as some items are not=

Your urgent response will be highly appreciated.


Ms. Rita Lee


#249, Sydenhams Road, 2nd Floor, Periamet, Chennai-600 003.
Phone : +91-44-3290 1661, 2538 0044
Fax : +91-44-25360533
Mobile : +91-90033 18000
Website :

Anti-fraud resources: