fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "the consignment" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "consignment " (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "million dollars" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "email@example.com" (this email address has been used in a known scam)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists mobile phone numbers. Use of such numbers is typical for scams because they allow criminals to conceal their true location. They can receive calls in an Internet cafe from where they send you emails, while pretending to be in some office.
Fraud email example:
From: "Mr. Larry Johnson" <"www."@eos.ocn.ne.jp>
Reply-To: "Mr. Larry Johnson" <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Tue, 14 Mar 2017 20:26:53 +0900 (JST)
I just received an email from Mr. Abdul Waziri the Director Of DHL Company Republic of Benin that the consignment box valued at ($1.5 Million Dollars) which I sent to you was returned back due to wrong address provided, They need the reconfirmation of the following information:
Your Full Name:
Your Phone Number:
Your Age and ID copy:
Contact them with the following information immediately:
Mr. Larry Johnson
They will require you to pay for Insurance fee, please don$B!G(Bt hesitate to pay it immediately so they will recommence the shipment and also forward you your tracking information to track the delivery. Just send me a brief email as soon as you received the shipment.
Your registration code is (DHL/14160/2016), use it as your subject when contacting them so they will recognize you and attend to you without any delay.
Thanks and have a nice day.
Dr. Daniel Gbenga