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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mack J. David" <>
Date: Tue, 14 Mar 2017 14:48:13 +0000
Subject: Private Discuss:

Private Discuss:
I,Henry Hyatt, of YUKOS OIL COMPANY,representing Mr.
Mikhail Khodorkovsky (M.K.) and would like to ask for
your partnership in re-profiling funds over

I will give the details, but in summary, the funds are
coming via private bank and this is a legitimate
transaction. You will be paid 5% for your "management
fees".If you are interested, please write back and I
will provide further instructions.Keep this

Finally, please note that this must be concluded
within a short time.Write me back.
I look forward to it.

Henry Hyatt

Anti-fraud resources: