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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Stephen Addodankwa <>
Date: Tue, 14 Mar 2017 14:54:36 +0000
Subject: For Your Attention.


I am Stephen Addodankwa, citizen of, Republic of Ghana. I had a client who was an independent gold dealer, he lived in Europe and died in Ghana but had businesses in Ghana and the Middle East.

He has a total of $18, 600,000.00 (Eighteen Million, Six Hundred Thousand Dollars) in a DORMANT account, held in Europe. I received official letters from the bank last week suggesting a likely proceeding for the confiscation of this abandoned personal asset.

On that note, I decided once more to search for a potential person who share the same last name with him (however distant). He had no wife, no children.

There by creating an avenue for claiming of the said funds on presentation of a trustworthy person that can stand as the Inheritor of the fund mentioned. I need your consent to present you as the Inheritor

To indicate your interest. Send reply, to the following email address:

Barr. Stephen Addodankwa

Anti-fraud resources: