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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: Benjamin Ezeife <>
Date: Fri, 17 Mar 2017 13:09:30 +0000
Subject: hope to hear from you soon

Hello Dear Friend

My name is Barrister Benjamin Ezeife,a renowned Togo based
solicitors. I am writing in connection to My late client ,who
bears the same surname with you and left the sum of Ten million five
hundred thousand United States dollars($10,500,000) in a bank before
his death. I contacted you to seek your consent to present you to the
bank as a heir to my late client to enable the transfer of this fund
transfer to you. I would enlighten you on more details and
clarifications when i get positive response from you.

Barrister Benjamin Ezeife .(Esq)
Principal Attorney of Dominion Associates
Chambers Barristers & Solicitors
Public Notary Lome-TOGO West Africa
Contact Phone.+228 90394021
Email (

Anti-fraud resources: