fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "dear sir/madam" (a standard Nigerian greeting phrase)
- ",000,000" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- "00,000.00" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- email@example.com (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
Date: Sun, 19 Mar 2017 04:42:35 -0700
Subject: Urgent Loan Offer
Dear Sir/Madam Are you tired of Seeking Loans and Mortgages,have you Been T=
urned down constantly By your banks and Other Financial Institutions or Mic=
ro Finance scheme.This is to let you know with 100% guarantee that we Offer=
loans ranging from $2000 Minimum to $100,000,000.00 Maximum at 2% interest=
rate per Month. We give out Finance for developing business. a competitive=
edge/business expansion.Be rest assure that We are certified, trustworthy,=
reliable, efficient,Fast and dynamic. and a co-operate financier for real =
estate and any kinds of business financing,we give out long term loan for f=
ive to fifty years maximum and all interest rate and calculate and allow to=
be pay annually .We offer the following kinds of financial Help and many m=
ore; Contact us if interested via our email: Ernestfinancialhome@gmail.com