fighting spam and scams on the Internet
"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam
The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.
Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.
Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!
Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.
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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:
- An email address listed inside this email has been used in a known fraud before.
- This email uses a separate reply address that is different from the sender address. Spammers use this to get replies even when the original spam sending accounts have been shut down. Also, sometimes the sender addresses are legitimate looking but fake and only the reply address is actually an email account controlled by the scammers.
- The following phrases in this message should put you on alert:
- "fund beneficiary" (they want you to be blinded by the prospect of quick money, but the only money that ever changes hands in 419 scams is from you to the criminals)
- This email message is a 419 scam. Please see our 419 FAQ for more details on such scams.
- This email lists free webmail addresses. Use of such addresses is typical for scams. Lotteries, banks and any but the smallest of companies do not normally use such addresses. Criminals use them to anonymously send and receive email at Internet cafes.
- firstname.lastname@example.org (email address has been used in a known fraud before)
Fraud email example:
From: "FUND PAYMENT CONSULTANT DEPARTMENT" <email@example.com>
Date: Sun, 26 Mar 2017 05:32:07 -0700
Subject: FUND PAYMENT CONSULTANT DEPARTMENT
ACCOUNTANT GENERAL OF FEDERATION
FUND PAYMENT CONSULTANT DEPARTMENT
Payment Center for Fund Beneficiary
Fund Released Order X124CBN
ATM CARD PAYMENT FOR FUND BENEFICIARIES
INTERNATIONAL CREDIT SETTLEMENT
Please be dully informed that your outstanding Compensation beneficiary funds is ready to be delivered to you via ATM CARD funded with the accurate amount. Please confirm you beneficiary's amount and the information below so that we can check with your records in our file and advise you on how to further your claims.
(1) Your Full Name
(3)Phone and Fax Number
(4) Age & Occupation
(5) Your Total Fund to be received.
You are currently advised to stop every further communication through email and telephone conversation with any persons or group of persons you have been dealing with who cannot put you in the right perspective to claim your funds. Please take note for your own good.
More information +234906875461