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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: "Mr.Jona Edda" (may be fake)
Reply-To: <>
Date: Sat, 25 Mar 2017 15:20:33 -0500
Subject: Gold Investment Proposal.

I am Jona Edda; I am a wealth manager from Three J’s Gold investment Inc. I
am contacting you because I believe that we can form a very lucrative
business partnership. One of our clients is interested in investing in your

The total amount of funds available for investments is One Hundred Million
US Dollars. As I am contacting you now, I have also contacted another 9
different companies with regards to this proposal and will eventually be
dealing with the most suitable and capable individual to handle this type
of transaction. Due to my client’s political position, he wants this to be
carried out carefully and very discretely. This means all the information
we transmit in the course of this transaction must be kept strictly
In order to fully evaluate your capability to handle this transaction, I
will proceed to ask you the following questions.
1. Are you familiar with handling large volume of funds before in the past?
This does not necessarily have to be as much as the amount described above
2. Do you have a bank account that can accommodate these funds without
raising any eyebrow?

3. Do you have any project (s) that requires funding? This may be an
existing project or a future project. If you do, please give a short
summary of the projects. We will be asking for a more detailed executive
summary if we eventually decide to work with you. This decision will be
based on your answers. Please do not be offended by these questions as we
are not trying to undermine you in any way. Due to the amount of funds
involved, we just need to know if you are going to be able to handle this

If you are interested, please reply to this email. You should indicate your
full name and contact telephone number so that I can get back to you with
more details. This message is for the ATTN of the CEO of this company only.
I hope to hear back from you and looking forward to a successful, positive
and mutually beneficial relationship with you.
Please reply on my private email:


Mr.Jona Edda

Anti-fraud resources: