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"419" Scam – Advance Fee / Fake Lottery Scam

The so-called "419" scam is a type of fraud dominated by criminals from Nigeria and other countries in Africa. Victims of the scam are promised a large amount of money, such as a lottery prize, inheritance, money sitting in some bank account, etc.

Victims never receive this non-existent fortune but are tricked into sending their money to the criminals, who remain anonymous. They hide their real identity and location by using fake names and fake postal addresses as well as communicating via anonymous free email accounts and mobile phones.

Keep in mind that scammers DO NOT use their real names when defrauding people.
The criminals either abuse names of real people or companies or invent names or addresses.
Any real people or companies mentioned below have NO CONNECTION to the scammers!

Read more about such scams here or in our 419 FAQ. Use the Scam-O-Matic to verify suspect emails.

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Some comments by the Scam-O-Matic about the following email:

Fraud email example:

From: An opportunity <>
Reply-To: <>
Date: Mon, 27 Mar 2017 10:14:53 +0800
Subject: An opportunity

Hello Dear,

Permit me to bring a matter of utmost importance to your observation with hope we can find a common ground of understanding for a mutually Investment project.And a transparent business discussion.I am constrained to issue more details about this business until your response is received.Then if interested we proceed,There might be a windfall of cash out there for you and your family. We can find out.You have nothing to lose!

I hope to do business with you.
My utmost respect,
Ivan Mao

Anti-fraud resources: